Vox Sang. 2009 May;96(4):337-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1423-0410.2009.01165.x. Epub 2009 Feb 10.
Report of the third international workshop on molecular blood group genotyping.
Daniels G, van der Schoot CE, Gassner C, Olsson ML.
The Third International Society of Blood Transfusion Workshop on Molecular Blood Group Genotyping was held in 2008, with a feedback meeting at the International Society of Blood Transfusion Congress in Macao SAR, China. Thirty-three laboratories participated, eight less than in 2006. Six samples were distributed: sample 1 representing DNA from a sample referred because of abnormal serological results in D testing; samples 2 and 3 from transfusion-dependent patients for testing for all clinically important polymorphisms; sample 4 a mixture of two DNA samples designed to simulate a chimera, referred because of abnormal serological results in donor testing; and samples 5 and 6 plasma samples from RhD-negative pregnant women, for fetal RhD testing (only tested by 17 laboratories). For samples 1-3, 24 of 33 laboratories obtained completely correct results. For sample 4, the ability to detect the minority DNA population was partly dependent on method. Of the 17 laboratories that received samples 5 and 6, 13 reported correct results on both samples. Overall a small improvement from previous workshops was noted, but there is still room for improvement. The main conclusion for the 2006 workshop can be reiterated: with greater care and attention to detail, very high standards could be set for molecular blood group genotyping.